New technologies like Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) or the Internet of Things (IoT) communication protocols and their hardware embodiments, are rapidly changing production systems within the agribusiness from cattle, pigs, poultry industries, to intensive agriculture, timber industry, or fish farms and fisheries. The main technologies and a survey of the state of the art will be examined first, as well as recent industrial developments will be presented from inside. Then the evolution of 3GPP technologies for data collection in the agribusiness will be presented with a focus on power consumption and application examples, up to recent NB-IoT technology still being deployed in Latin America. Satellite-based IoT possibilities examples will be also discussed in detail, as well as geo-localization options and constrains in battery powered devices. Several examples will be presented like an acoustic illegal logging detection system, RFID based sensors, or a cloud connected RFID reader. Agribusiness is an enormous market that yet lacks massive technology adoption; at the present there is a need and an opportunity to extend and update the use of RFID and IoT. We are in a hinge moment thus at the end of the presentation we venture to make some predictions about the forthcoming technologies in farms and other rural production units, like the adoption of UHF for animal ID, IoT-assisted geo-localization, virtual fences, and remote sensing.
Alfredo Arnaud Maceira (PhD, 2004) has participated since 1997 in several research and development projects in the field of microelectronics and electronics for the industry, and in the University. Since 2004 he joined Electrical Engineering Department at Universidad Catolica del Uruguay, where he started uDIE research group (http://die.ucu.edu.uy/microdie). He is the co-founder of three technology companies including BQN in 2004 (http://www.bqn.com.uy) dedicated to electronics & SW for RFID devices & traceability within de agribusiness industry. For the industry, Dr. Arnaud participated in design and consultancy in the field of electronics for companies in Uruguay, Brazil, Canada, and India including the development of embedded electronics like portable POS equipment, FDA approved medical devices, IoT devices for farms, a portable RFID reader according to ISO11784/11785 standard, among others (the later product named Baqueano-Pro®, was awarded with Synopsys LA electronic product prize 2016). He is a senior researcher of Uruguay National Research Council ANII, an IEEE Senior Member, and currently IEEE Uruguay Section chair.